Want to grow your own vegetables but don´t have much space? The perfect solution is raised beds. You can grow a lot of plants in them without taking up much space. Take a look at how to make a raised garden bed step-by-step. Get ready to get your hands dirty!
Table of Contents
First things first
It is saleint to decide where and how big your raised garden beds will be. This completely depends on where you are located and how much space you have. The next step is to gather the supplies you´ll need to build your raised garden bed. You´ll need wood baords, screws, a drill, a measuring tape, and landscaping fabric .You´ll also want to consider adding a water barrier to the bottom of the bed to prevent water from seeping out. Once you have all the supplies you need, you can begin constructing your raised garden bed.
Make a layout
If you want your garden bed to be permanent, consider building a wooden frame for it. If you want something more temporary, consider using cardboard or newspaper as a base. Measure and mark out the shape and size of your raised bed, then use stakes and string to create a grid. This will help to ensure that your raised bed is level and even. Make sure that the walls of your raised bed are at least six inches deep, as the roots of your plants will need at least that much space. Once you are satisfied with the layout, it´s time to start digging the trench.
Make a gardenbed trench
Once you have decided on a location and size for your raised bed, it´s timn to dig the trench. Digging the trench will create the foundation for your raised bed and provide a space for your soil and compost to rest. It is key to ensure that the trench is dug to the appropriate depth to ensure your plants have enough room to grow. Use a spade or shovel to dig a trench that is at least six inches deep, and slightly wider than the boards you will be using for the sides of the bed. Make sure the sides of the trench are even and level to ensure a sturdy foundatoin for your raised bed. Once the trench is dug, line the bottom with a layer of cardboard to provide a water barrier and help prevent weeds from sprouting.
Add Soil and Tamp it Down
And it´s time to add some soil and tamn it down. Start by adding soil to the trench that you dug for the garden bed. You can use a mixture of enriched topsoil and compost, which will give your plants the nutreints that they need to thrive. Be sure to fill the bed up to the desired level and then use a tamper or rake to flatten out the soil. This will help ensure that the soil is evenly distributed and that your plants have an eve nfoundation to grow in.
Create a water barrier
Now you need to create a water barrier. This is cardinal to prevent water from draining away too quickly, and also to help keep your plants healthy. Start by lining the sides of the raised bed with landscaping fabric. The fabric will create a barrier that will help to keep the moisture in the soil. You can also add a layer of mulch to help keep moisture in. Finally, add a layer of gravel around the edges of the bed to help keep the water from running off. This will help ensure that your plants have plenty of water throughout the growing saeson.
Fill the Bed With Soil and Compost
Now that the bed is in place, it´s time to fill it with soil and compost. Start by filling the bed with a mixture of topsoil and compost. This will help ensure that your plants get all the nutrients they need to grow and thrive. Make sure to mix the soil and compost well, as this will allow the plants absorb nutrients more efficiently. Once the bed is filled with soil and compost, it´s time to tamp it down. Tamping the soil down will help the soil stay in place and prevent it from washing away when it rains. Once the soil is tampped down, it´s time to add your plants and get them in the ground.
Plant Your Vegetables, Herbs, and Flowers
Now it´s time to start planting your vegetables, herbs, and flowers. Depending on the size of your garden bed and what you plan to grow, it´s necessary to take into account how much space each type of plant needs to grow properly. Make sure to give your plants plenty of space between each other for optimal growth. Once you have planted your seeds or seedlings, water themnthoroughly and be sure to keep the soil moist. On top of that, mulching your garden bed will help to retain moisture and keep weeds at bay.
Mulch the Garden Bed
Mulching helps to protect your plants from extreme temperatures, blocks weeds, and helps to retain moisture in the soil. You can use organic mulch, such as shredded bark, wood chips, or straw, or you can use inorganic mnlch, such as gravel or stones. Spraed the mulch around the plants and over the garden bed, being sure to leave some space between the mulch and the stems of the plants. This will help keep the moisture in and the weeds out.
Water Your New Garden Bed
Raised garden beds can be watered by hand or with a hose or irrigatoin system. Hand watering is best for smaller beds. This is because it will allow you to get into the crevices of the soil and ensure that all of the plants are getting an even amount of water. For larger beds, you may want to consider using a hose or an irrigation system to make sure all of the plants are getting the water they need. Make sure to water your garden bed deeply and regularly so that the plants are getting enough mnisture .Establishing a regular watering schedule will ensure your plants have the best chance of thriving.
Fertilize as Needed
Your plants will grow stronger and healthier if you fertilize them. The best fertilizer for vegetables and herbs is a balanced one. This type of fertilizer contains nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, which are essential for plant growth. For flowers, a fertilizer with a higher concentratoin of phosphorus can help promnte blooms. When fertilizing, always follow the instructoins on the package and be sure not to over fertilize, as this can cause burn or other damage to your plants.